Harvard Medical School researchers have found that when it comes to the length of mitochondria, the power-making organelles, applying the fairy tale's mantra is crucial to the health of a cell. Even more specifically, abnormalities in mitochondrial length promote the advancement of neurodegenerative illnesses such as Alzheimer's. There have been a good amount of interest in mitochondria in Alzheimer's and tau-related illnesses, but causality was unidentified, said Brian DuBoff, first author of the scholarly research and a post-doctoral research fellow at Massachusetts General Hospital. Ultimately, a deeper understanding of the relationship between mitochondrial function and Alzheimer's may instruction us to build up more targeted therapies in the future, said Mel Feany, HMS professor of pathology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and senior writer of the paper.It would serve the same mechanical function of current cranial implants manufactured from other components, such as for example titanium, except that it would enable optical access as well, which could be very good for post-operatory therapeutic or diagnostic procedures. A edition of the transparent skull implant produced by UC Riverside researchers. What is the implant created from and how do you make it transparent? It is created from nanocrystalline powder of yttria-stabilized zirconia and densified utilizing a novel process known as Current Activated Pressure Assisted Densification , produced by my colleague Prof. Javier E. Garay. The reason this implant can be transparent is because through CAPAD, the ceramic powder can be densified at fast heating rates, preserving the nanometric scale of its polycrystalline structure.