1 The retractions came only weeks after BioMed Central.

Previously, the editor and editorial table of a journal knew both the scientific field it covered and the people employed in it, but it's almost impossible to end up being sufficiently well connected when both editors and submissions come from all over the world. Having authors suggest the best reviewers may therefore seem like a good idea. In the aftermath of the recent scandals involving fake peer reviewers, many journals have decided to carefully turn off the reviewer-recommendation option on the manuscript-submission systems. But that move might not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi discovered this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn't allow authors recommend reviewers for their manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review information for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud.Through systematic planning for the threats that pose the greatest risk to the protection of the Nation, including acts of terrorism, cyber-attacks, pandemics, and catastrophic organic disasters. The purpose of this compendium can be to aid the Presidential Plan Directives in strengthening the protection and resilience of U.S. Citizens, stated Lenworth M. Jacobs, Jr., MD, MPH, FACS, Chairman of the Hartford Consensus, Vice President of Academic Affairs and Chief Academic Officer at Hartford Hospital, and Professor of Surgery, University of Connecticut School of Medicine.