The findings come despite national guidelines that demand not giving the drug to children. The analysis discovered that that just 3 % of children' E.R. Visits resulted in a codeine prescription this year 2010, but as emergency room visits have soared to more than 25 million per year, the study's authors state far too many children are being recommended the drug whenever there are better options available. As reported by CBS Information: The study's lead writer, Dr. Sunitha Kaiser, a co-employee pediatrics professor at the University of California, SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA, says doctors and parents ought to know about codeine's disadvantages and that alternatives are available, including dark honey for coughs in children over age group 1; and ibuprofen or the opiate drug hydrocodone, for discomfort including damaged bones.Moreover, there is a big gap in health outcomes between individuals who could full the longer walk and people who could not, with the latter being at an extremely high risk to become disabled or dying. What was really surprising is that these people were not aware of how limited they in fact were,' explained Dr. Newman, who is a collaborator with the University of Pittsburgh Institute on Aging. Even among those who completed the walk, those in the slowest twenty five % for walk period had a three - to four-fold higher threat of death than those in the fastest twenty five % for walk time.